If you happen to be visiting the west of Ireland, then the Cliffs of Moher should be one of your destinations. The view from up there, to say the least, will absolutely 1)take your breath away. It’s definitely a once-in-a-lifetime experience.
The cliffs are some of the highest ones on the entire continent – as high as 700 feet. The cliffs are the most impressive of all Irish landscapes. Plus, if you’re a fan of the open water, then what better way to view it than from the top of a cliff? From above, you can see the impressive horizon of the Atlantic Ocean. “Stunning” is the best word to describe it.
The Cliffs 莫赫悬崖
The Cliffs of Moher translated means “cliffs of the ruin.” It is located in Liscannor, a coastal village in County Clare. The cliffs are around five kilometers from the center of the main village.
The lowest part of the cliffs is called 2)Hag’s Head, which rises about 400 feet above sea level. The highest point on the other hand is at 702 feet, near O’Brien’s Tower. You can’t easily visit both parts though, as they are eight kilometers apart.
The cliffs are made of 3)Namurian 4)shale and 5)sandstone. Its oldest rocks are found at the lower parts of the cliffs. In fact, if you were to get close enough to the base of the cliffs, you could see the remains of 300-million-year-old 6)prehistoric river channels.
Also, make sure to check out the birds that live along the cliffs. There are more than 30,000 birds flying around, going back and forth from the large ocean. The groups of birds are made up of 29 different 7)species.
The most famous birds are the beautiful Atlantic Puffins. These small birds live together in big 8)colonies at specific spots around the cliffs and on the small Goat Island. You can’t miss them; they look like very small penguins.
Sites to See 景点一览
In clear weather, the Aran Islands and Galway Bay are visible from above the cliffs. The best way to see these sites is atop O’Brien’s Tower, a round stone tower built in the middle of the entire 9)stretch. This tower is also the highest point of the Cliffs of Moher. The view from the tower extends as far as Loop Head at the southern tip of the county, and beyond to the mountains of Kerry. You just have to hope that when you visit, the sky is clear enough to see the Maumturk Mountains and the Twelve Pins in the northern part of Connemara district.
O’Brien’s Tower was built in 1835 by local landlord Sir Cornellius O’Brien. It served as an observation tower for the hundreds of Victorian tourists that visited the cliffs during the time. Even then the cliffs were already popular – a 10)testament to the true beauty of the place.
Another tower called Moher is found at Hag’s Head. The history of this one, however, is unknown. But it appears to be what remains of an old watchtower – probably placed on the cliffs during Napoleon’s time by the British, who feared invasion. Now the tower lies in ruin, but it remains a part of the cliffs’ rich history.
The Cliffs of Moher Visitor Experience 莫赫悬崖游客体验中心
The Cliffs of Moher is under the 11)supervision of the Clare County Council and Shannon注1 Heritage. Both these organizations agree that although they would want to build more 12)amenities to add comfort to the tourists’ experience of the cliffs, they want to limit the buildings as much as possible. They want the visitors to experience the natural beauty of the cliffs.
One of the first structures they built was the Cliffs of Moher Visitor Experience. The building, opened in February 2007, was built into a hillside located on the way to the cliffs, 13)blending naturally with the surrounding countryside.
The center uses 14)geothermal heating / cooling, 15)solar panels, and greywater注2 recycling – keeping itself as environmentally friendly as possible. It took 17 years and 32 million Euros to build.
The Visitor Experience features a wide variety of 16)interactive media created to inform the tourists about the cliff’s different areas of interest, for example, the origin of the Cliffs, or the bird and fish life in the area. One of the more popular forms of informative media is their 3D show that presents a bird’s-eye view of the cliffs and explores the underwater caves at the foot of the rocks.
And don’t forget to take advantage of the daily 17)ferry trips. These tours allow you to view the Cliffs of Moher from sea level – and there’s a huge difference I’ll tell you! Plus, it’s like visiting two attractions in one place.