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在斯德哥尔摩闲庭信步 Stockholm: Venice of the North


  There’s no better 1)hub for exploring Scandinavia than the beautiful “Venice of the North,” Sweden’s capital, Stockholm.

  From the cultured capital to the wild mountai-nous north, Sweden holds fascination for the arts and history 2)buff and the fan of outdoors’ activities alike. The country’s mountains begin in 3)Dalarna with gentle slopes that build up to a 1,900-kilometer (1,140 miles) chain 4)culminating in the magnificent snow-covered peaks of the far north. The 5)Lapps who live here off fishing and 6)reindeer herding have done an admirable job of retaining their distinctive culture.

  But, unlike North America, in Sweden you don’t have to go to the remote north to encounter fresh air and pure water. In fact, in downtown Stockholm the water is so clean you can swim and fish right off the major 7)thoroughfares. One of the most popular spots for fishing is outside the royal palace. Here salmon and 8)sea trout are caught on their migration from the 9)Baltic to 10)Lake Malaren. Among the more humble species to be hooked are 11)perch, 12)pike, 13)zander and Baltic 14)herring.

  The city of Stockholm was founded in the 13th century on an island where Lake Malaren flows out into the Baltic. As time passed the inhabitants spread out across the neighboring islands and mainland to the north and south. The current population of greater Stockholm is 1.7 million, with about 700,000 living within the city limits.

  Stockholm is beautifully situated on 14 islands separated by wide bays, broad channels and narrow waterways. Surrounded by unspoiled countryside, the city is also peppered with lovely parks. In the heart of the capital the contrast between old and new is striking: an 15)ultra modern city center 16)adjacent to the cobbled alleys and medieval buildings of 17)Gamla Stan (Old Town).

  Visitors to Stockholm are strongly recommended to purchase a Stockholm Card. The card gives you free entry to 75 museums and attractions, free travel by public transport, free sightseeing by boat as well as several other bonus offers. You decide whether you want a card that is valid for 24, 48 or 72 hours. The card will not be valid until it is stamped with the time and date the first time you use it. Two child cards can be purchased per adult card. The card is valid once per attraction and entitles you to unlimited travel by metro, bus and 18)commuter train.

  Stockholm’s 19)Viking heritage may be enjoyed by taking a boat trip to see the remains of the old capital at 20)Birka and the 1,000-year-old town of 21)Sigtuna. 22)Medieval Stockholm can be experienced by visiting the Medieval Museum or by merely strolling through Gamla Stan, where many of the churches and other buildings date back 800 years or more.

  The Swedish royal family is very popular with the people. The Royal Palace in Stockholm is the largest in Europe still in use and the royal family lives in the 18th-century palace at 23)Drottningholm with its world famous theatre.

  Stockholm is also a city of the sea, located as it is on the edge of the world’s largest 24)archipelago of more than 25,000 islands. Take a lazy cruise on one of the seven genuine stea-mers still in use. In service for a century, these old character ships have been beautifully restored to maintain their 25)Edwardian ambience. All the steamers boast first class restaurants in which you can enjoy lunch or dinner.

  Water is a dominant element in the life of Swedes. In Stockholm, the “Venice of the North,” water adds immeasurably to the charm of this already captivating city. As Sweden’s international tennis champion, 26)Bjorn Borg puts it: “Sweden is surrounded by water and even away from the coast our lakes and rivers are the dominant feature of the landscape. I live outside Stockholm and some days I take my boat into the city when I have a business appointment. I 27)get a tremendous kick out of that. Who wouldn’t?”

  Who indeed!

  小链接: 塞尔玛·拉格洛芙和《尼尔斯骑鹅历险记》