It is time for “real men” to wake up and help themselves solve a national health crisis, both of body and mind.
Physical Health 身体健康方面
There is a silent health crisis among males nowadays. This crisis is not simply about 1)prostrate cancer or heart disease. It incorporates the poor health state of men in general and “real men” in particular.
Mortality statistics reveal the following problems:
Men lead in almost all of the top 15 causes of premature death.
Men have an average life expectancy that is at least five years shorter than that of women.
Men top the charts in such health hazards as smoking, drinking, dangerous jobs, sports injuries, drunk driving, and victims of violent crimes.
Joe Zoske, a health care consultant specializing in men’s health 2)opines, “Studies show this is due not to biology, but rather gender conditioning. In striving to be ‘real men,’ they live higher-risk lifestyles, driven by internalized messages of competition, invulnerability, control, emotional suppression, and independence, so when symptoms occur…—they have learned to not acknowledge them and 3)tough it out alone, leaving them isolated from information, interventions, and support. ”
“This waste of men and gender mind-set can no longer be justified by survival needs. Men are no longer hunters in our society.”
Yet boys are still taught to be tough, not cry, suppress emotions, and be strong at all costs. In fact, we teach our boy children that all of this is necessary to become a man.
4)Relating, nurturing, caring, listening, 5)fostering, allowing emotions, seeking medical aid and the like are for women. “Real men” are only allowed three emotions: humor, anger and sexual feelings.
According to Zoske, this male “code of masculinity” is internalized and becomes a script for a life of “stress, needless injury and illness, and an early grave.”
In addition, some men connect the life of a “real man” with a diet of meat, even including beef on a regular basis. Study after study has shown what a diet high in animal fats does to health.
Mental Health 精神健康方面
Socially, single men seem to have it easier than single women. They can go to the local bar every night alone. It is always considered permissible for a man to ask a woman out. The world in general, and friends and 6)buds in particular, all try to be a matchmaker for the single man.
Why then do so many single men seem lonely? Lonely to the point of being self-destructive?
7)Rae Andre, Ph.D., in her book Positive Solitude: A Practical Program for Mastering Loneliness and Achieving Self-Fulfillment, writes that single men and women differ in the relationships they have with family and friends and in their tendency to feel isolation because of these relationships. Single men tend to be more isolated from their own families than do single women, and probably experience more loneliness.
In addition, the competitive nature of men sets them apart from other men. This often precludes a friendship close enough to help hold loneliness 8)at bay.
This loneliness is usually well hidden however. Few men feel able to acknowledge their loneliness and speak about it. If, on the rare occasions they do, it is invariably seen as personal failure, their fault, and their social inadequacy by much of society and often by the men themselves too.
According to 9)Gina Levete in her book 10)Letting Go of Loneliness, this inability to acknowledge and solve loneliness problems can result in harmful patterns of behavior in extreme cases. To prove they are one of the crowd, or to forget that they are not, drinking, gambling, drugs, and sex become addictive substitutes for some men which destructively cover up a sense of profound inner loneliness.
Men also hesitate to seek help professionally. How many lonely men with average-to-good circumstances make use of the 11)therapeutic or counseling support that is available? Not many, particularly if it is only to seek help for loneliness. In certain instances there is justification for such hesitancy. Not all professionals are sympathetic to the subject of loneliness. Although loneliness is acknowledged by many doctors to be a huge social problem, when male professionals refer to loneliness the examples cited are nearly always female.
This loneliness and feeling of apartness with other men sends more than one single man rushing back into marriage. When closeness with a woman and her nurturing abilities are the chief reasons for marriage, even if they are unconscious, men may be setting themselves up for another trip to the divorce courts and/or future physical problems.
And certainly marriage is no cure for loneliness. Unless people have an ability to reach out to another person emotionally, and many men in our society do not, marriage for them is a lonely place too.
Married men with successful, 12)vibrant careers, “real men” by anyone’s standards, often feel isolated and apart, even in marriage and family life. This is what a few had to say:
“My kids don’t talk to me the way they do to my wife. I feel excluded.”
“I always have to be the strong father-image and keep order in the house. Even when I am with my wife and kids, I often feel apart from them.”
“My wife and I have lots of friends. But they are really her friends and her friends’ husbands. Sometimes I feel apart from the whole group.”
“Ever since I was a child I have had this feeling of apartness. I had good parents and I have a wonderful wife. Why, I don’t know. I just feel apart from other people.”
Although changing male psychology is hard, and grows even harder as a man ages, our society must engage our husbands, sons, brothers, and partners in learning about their bodies, allowing health assessments, and generally improving lifestyles habits to give men the vitality and 13)longevity we think they deserve.