The Meaning of the Name含义
R&B这个术语最早是1947年美国的BILLBOARD杂志的Jerry Wexler为音乐的市场营销创作的术语，后来渐渐转变成一个专门形容音乐的词，有作家曾写道：节奏布鲁斯是一个umbrella term industry convenience，除了古典音乐和宗教音乐，它包括了几乎所有的黑人音乐。
Rhythm & Blues is a term used to describe the blues-influenced form of music predominantly performed by African-Americans since the late 1930s. The term ‘Rhythm and Blues’ was first introduced in the late 1940s: it was created for use in musical marketing by Billboard magazine. In 1949, Billboard reporter Jerry Wexler (who later went on to become a music producer), created the phrase to designate the upbeat popular music performed by African-American artists that combined jazz and blues.
The Reason for the Name渊源
The “Rhythm & Blues” term was created to replace the designation “race music”, which until then was the standard catch—all phrase used in reference to most music made by blacks at the time. After the “race music” term was deemed offensive, Billboard began using the Rhythm & Blues moniker Wexler created. The meaning behind the name? The “rhythm” part comes from the music’s typical dependance upon four-beat measures or bars and employ a backbeat (beats two and four accented in each measure). The “blues” portion of the name came from the lyrics and melodies of the songs, which were often sad,or ‘blue’ during the music’s emergence in the World War II era. Over time the name was shortened to R&B as a matter of convenience.
Evolution of the Phrase进化
As the genre progressed throughout the decades, R&B music started becoming known as soul music; it was also no longer exclusively made by black artists. White musicians started composing R&B songs, though the genre was still dominated by black artists like Chubby Checker, Sam Cooke, and bands like The Miracles.
Electric guitars began to play a part in the instrumentation as a result of Waters’ proficiency, and the genre began to evolve once again. As the genre progressed and caught on in society, it helped dispel the commonly held belief that so-called “black” music was for black people only. The genre transcended race relations and survived through extremely tenuous race relations in the United States, and as a result, R&B music carved its own niche in the U.S. music scene.
THREE WORDS OF LOVE FROM R&B SINGERS R&B歌手的3句情话
1. “Now your body’s got me feelin’ like spending / With a backroom I could come to live in / And your hair weave looking kind of pretty / The way you back it up on me baby / Lord have mercy.”—R. Kelly, “Feelin’ On Yo Booty”,
2. “Skip dinner and we gon rent a movie / You order chinese food right before u do me / You coming on strong baby let me wash me hands / She said hurry up then get your ass to bed.”—Usher, “Trading Places”
3. “Got a girl at the crib, we can take it to the mo-mo / You can bring a friend, or you can ride solo / Let me get my camera, so we can take a photo.”—Ray J, “Sexy Can I”