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承前启后 To Invent the Future You Must Building upon the Past


  It was a 1)warm summer night in the sleepy Dutch town of Leiden. Along with a handful of grad students and faculty members from Leiden University, I was standing in the courtyard of my professor's beautifully restored 16th century 2)townhouse. We had just finished an amazing dinner (he was as good a cook as he was a carpenter and theoretical physicist) and the conversation was turning to stories of the great ones.
  那是个炎热的夏日夜晚, 荷兰莱顿小镇上非常宁静。我和几个莱顿大学的校友以及老师们一起,站在我教授家的庭院里。教授的家是一间建于16世纪的联排别墅,完好无损,非常漂亮。我们刚刚吃完大餐(教授烹饪水准一流,不但是个优秀的物理学家,连木工活也做得很好),我们聊天的内容转向了伟人的故事。
  This often happens when scientists get in a certain kind of 3)reflective mood.
承前启后 To Invent the Future You Must Building upon the Past  The gathered professors were telling stories of their encounters with 4)luminaries like 5)Richard Feynman, 6)John Wheeler, 7)Chandrasekhar or Leiden's own  8)Jan Oort. The 9)profs 10)wistfully recalled being 11)schooled at the feet of great masters, now past. Then my own professor stopped and turned to the students, who were 12)eating the scene up.
  “You're next,” he said, pointing his beer at us. “Soon it's your turn and your responsibility. You are going to be the ones who have to do something new. Don't 13)screw it up!”
  That wonderful evening in Leiden came back to me on Saturday when I attended an inspiring performance by FuturPointe Dance. FuturPointe is a relatively new troupe who mix styles ranging from modern to Caribbean to Latin to ballet. It was stunning and beautiful and 14)funky—a 15)riot of color, rhythm, movement and mixed media.
  星期六那天, 我观看了由“未来足尖舞”表演团演绎的一个颇具启发性的舞蹈演出。观看之时,我想起了在莱顿那个令人难忘的夜晚。“未来足尖舞”还是一个较新的表演团,其舞蹈风格多变,有现代舞、加勒比舞、拉丁舞及芭蕾舞。舞蹈集色彩、节奏、动感和多效为一体,炫美耀目,时尚前卫,令人惊叹不已。
  In the midst of it all I was struck by the balance of tradition and innovation. The troupe's leaders, Guy Thorne and Heather Roffe, were striking. This was Rochester New York after all and in Rochester new dance troupes stand 16)in the long shadow of 17)Garth Fagan.
  Garth Fagan is one of the most successful 18)choreographers in America. If you have seen the stage production of The Lion King, you have seen Fagan's dance. His troupe has been based in Rochester for decades and each season we are lucky enough to see his pieces before the rest of the world gets its chance.
  Many of FuturPointe's dancers have been in Fagan's school or in his troupe (as students or as teachers). FuturPointe knew they would be rising in the shadow of Fagan's influence but they have made that a strength rather than a weakness.
  While echoes of Fagan's style could be seen in the fluid athleticism of FuturPointe's choreography, it was, ultimately, their style and theirs alone. It was right at the moment when I saw that brilliant explosion of creativity that I also saw the connection with science and culture as a whole.
  Creativity is, after all, the essence of science and art. Each generation starts as students, gets their training from their elders and then has the 19)baton passed to them. The command of the elders is simple:
  “Do something new 20)dammit! Go someplace we didn't see.”
  In science, art and culture as a whole, the complete abandonment of tradition and technique rarely produces anything substantial. Only when we build on what we have learned, only when we digest and 21)metabolize its lessons, are we ready to 22)strike out on our own and build a new perspective.

  That new perspective must be won or we sink back into the worst kind of 23)conservatism, an 24)insular, 25)backward-looking 26)imitation.
  FuturPointe's performance reminded me that respectfully moving past our past is always the living generation's responsibility. It's a 27)debt we owe to both those who came before us and those who will inherit what we create. We should expect nothing less from ourselves in all domains of human activity.