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如何扩大自己的词汇量?

1. I want to enlarge my vocabulary, but once I saw so many new words, I was discouraged. Are there any good ways?

我想扩大自己的词汇量,但当我看到那么多生词就灰心了。有什么捷径吗?

If you’re a regular reader of this column, you will have read a lot of advice about increasing your vocabulary. Remember, your receptive vocabulary (= what you understand when you listen to English or read English) is far greater than your active vocabulary (= the language you use with confidence when you speak or write). There’s nothing better than listening to English and reading English as much as you can if you want to expand your vocabulary, but don’t attempt to do this if the level is too high for you. Read books which are below your present level. Additionally, there are numerous vocabulary practice books on the market which are quite suitable for self-study purposes. These can be useful in helping you to expand your vocabulary. Look up publishers English Language Teaching catalogues for suitable titles.

如果你经常阅读本栏目(http://www.joyen.net/article/reading/),你应该已经读到不少关于增加词汇量的建议了。记住,你的接受型词汇量(即你听或阅读英语时能理解的部分)比你的积极词汇量(即你在说或写时能自如运用的词汇)要大得多。如果要扩大词汇量,最好的办法是多听英语,多读英语,但不要超出自己的水平。阅读那些比你目前水平稍低的书。另外,书店有很多词汇练习册,很适合自学使用。这对增加你的词汇量会有帮助。查阅出版社的“英语语言教学”目录来寻找适当的题目。
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